Due to strain and stress, headaches are not an uncommon occurrence
Due to strain and stress, heada­ches are not an uncom­mon occur­rence Bild: © Gpoint­stu­dio | Dreamstime.com

Fact #1

All in all, there are around 250 diffe­rent types of heada­che. They are grouped into primary and secon­dary heada­ches. Heada­ches are caused by irrita­tion of the head’s organs that are sensi­tive to pain, such as the menin­ges, the skull, or blood vessels in the brain, while the actual brain matter is not sensi­tive to pain.

Fact #2

The primary heada­ches include tension heada­ches, cluster heada­ches, and migrai­nes. Heada­ches caused by sexual activity or coughing are also counted as primary heada­ches. There is also the thunder­clap heada­che, which occurs suddenly, but is harmless in itself. However, given that it causes the same kind of pain as life-threa­tening brain haemor­rha­ges, it is still advisa­ble to see a doctor.

Fact #3

Secon­dary heada­ches are usually the conse­quence or side effect of another illness. For example, alcohol, a cold, or the consump­tion of nicotine or coffee can all cause secon­dary heada­ches.

Fact #4

Accor­ding to the ‚Barmer Arztre­port‘ 2017, 1.3 million adults suffer from heada­ches, meaning around 400,000 more people are affec­ted than in 2005. Further­more, around 40 % of child­ren and young people between the ages of 9 and 19 take medica­tion when they have heada­ches.

Fact #5

90 % of all heada­ches can be attri­bu­ted to tension heada­ches, with migrai­nes being the second most common. These can occur between one and six times a month and last up to 72 hours. Migrai­nes do not occur without further side effects. Those affec­ted suffer from nausea, sensi­ti­vity to light and noise, and someti­mes from vomiting. In many cases, they are prece­ded by impai­red vision and problems finding words.

Quelle: Barmer Arztre­port 2017, Wikipe­dia